Ancient China ranged around to as early as 6000 BC. It had no system of writing on a durable medium, before Shang. Much of Chinese culture, literature and philosophy further developed during the Zhou dynasty (1046–256 BC). The Zhou dynasty began to bow to external and internal pressures in the 8th century BC, and the kingdom eventually broke apart into smaller states, beginning in the Spring and Autumn period and reaching full expression in the Warring States period. (credits to Wikipedia).
Note: needs more information.